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Swing 简介

如果有Android app开发经验,快速上手Swing不是问题。UI方面有相似的地方。
简单的几行代码就能抛出一个框框,记录一下操作过程。

1.先显示一个框框

EraseBlockGame类是主类,包含了main入口,继承自 JFrame

public class EraseBlockGame extends JFrame{
......
    public EraseBlockGame(String GameTitle){  // 构造方法
        super(GameTitle);
        setSize(408, 640);
        setLocationRelativeTo(null);// place in the center of screen
        ......
        setVisible(true);s
    }
}

设置窗口大小,设置窗口在屏幕上的位置,窗口可见

    public static void main(String args[]){
        EraseBlockGame e = new EraseBlockGame("Erase Block Game");
    }

运行一下程序,弹出一个窗口;窗口名称为Erase Block Game

2.菜单栏

菜单栏有菜单按钮,以及菜单选项

import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JMenu;
import javax.swing.JMenuBar;
import javax.swing.JMenuItem;
  • JMenuBar 是整个菜单
  • JMenu 是菜单栏上的单个按钮
  • JMenuItem 点开单个餐单键,弹出的子选项item
public class EraseBlockGame extends JFrame{
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
    private JMenuBar menuBar = new JMenuBar();
    private JMenu mGame = new JMenu("Game");
    private JMenuItem miNewGame = new JMenuItem("New game");
    private JMenuItem miExit = new JMenuItem("Exit");
    ......
}

如果多几个选项,总是new似乎不大好,用简单工厂来代替new
定义JMenuFactory,里面有创建JMenu的方法

package com.rust.util;

import javax.swing.JMenu;

public class JMenuFactory {
    JMenu menu;
    public JMenuFactory(){

    }
    public JMenu createMenu(String title){
        JMenu menu = new JMenu(title);
        return menu;
    }
}

同样定义JMenuItemFactory

package com.rust.util;

import javax.swing.JMenuItem;

public class JMenuItemFactory {
    JMenuItem item;
    public JMenuItemFactory(){

    }
    public JMenuItem createMenuItem(String title){
        item = new JMenuItem(title);
        return item;
    }
}

原来的new就可以替换为

    private JMenu mGame;
    private JMenu mControl;
    private JMenu mInfo;
    private JMenuItem miNewGame;
    private JMenuItem miExit;
    ......
        mGame = menuFactory.createMenu("Game");
        mControl = menuFactory.createMenu("Control");
        mInfo = menuFactory.createMenu("Info");
        miNewGame = miFactory.createMenuItem("New game");
        miExit = miFactory.createMenuItem("Exit");

在构造函数中给菜单item添加ActionListener,和Android app的Button差不多

        miNewGame.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            @Override
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {

            }
        });
        miExit.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            @Override
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                System.exit(0);
            }
        });

        mGame.add(miNewGame);//这里添加的顺序就是排列的顺序
        mGame.add(miExit);//往menu中添加子项

        menuBar.add(mGame);
        menuBar.add(mControl);//这里添加的顺序就是排列的顺序

        setJMenuBar(menuBar);

如此看来,Swing活在了Android中

3.放置按钮

此时界面上只有一些菜单按键,多摆几个按钮上去看看

定义一个控制面板类ControlBoard 继承自 JPanel

/**
 * 控制面板,提供很多快捷的控制功能
 * @author Rust Fisher
 */
public class ControlBoard extends JPanel{
    private JButton btnStart;
    private JButton btnStop;
    private JButton btnPause;
    private JButton btnReset;
    private JButton btnExit;
    /*定义一个按钮区域areaButton,用来存放btn*/
    private JPanel areaButton = new JPanel(new GridLayout(5, 1));

    private EraseBlockGame game;
    /*按钮区域的框框*/
    private Border border = new EtchedBorder(EtchedBorder.RAISED, Color.WHITE,Color.gray);

    public ControlBoard(final EraseBlockGame game){
        setLayout(new GridLayout(3,1,0,1));
        this.game = game;//用于控制

        btnStart = new JButton("Start");
        btnStart.setEnabled(true);
        btnStop = new JButton("Stop");
        btnStop.setEnabled(false);
        btnPause = new JButton("Pause");
        btnPause.setEnabled(false);
        btnReset = new JButton("Reset");
        btnReset.setEnabled(true);
        btnExit = new JButton("Exit");
        btnExit.setEnabled(true);

        areaButton.add(btnStart);
        areaButton.add(btnPause);
        areaButton.add(btnStop);
        areaButton.add(btnReset);
        areaButton.add(btnExit);

        areaButton.setBorder(border);

        add(areaButton);// 把按钮区添加到控制面板上
        btnStart.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            @Override
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                // go go go

            }
        });
        btnExit.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            @Override
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                System.exit(0);//886
            }
        });
    }
......
}

在EraseBlockGame类里加载按钮区域

public class EraseBlockGame extends JFrame{
......
    private ControlBoard controlBoard;

    public EraseBlockGame(String title){
        ......
        Container container = getContentPane();
        controlBoard = new ControlBoard(this);
        container.add(controlBoard, BorderLayout.EAST);//添加控制面板
        ......
    }
}

于是按钮就被装到程序上了

其他的就先不纠结了,Swing了解个大概就好;可以多看看android开发